Julienna Law
May 14, 2021

Are China’s 'Little Fresh Meat' idols losing their luster?

Major platforms like iQiyi and Tencent are recruiting diverse faces for their competition shows. Does this mean China’s idol aesthetic is changing?

Photo: Produce Panda's Weibo
Photo: Produce Panda's Weibo

Among a hundred idol hopefuls, five boys stand out.

Well, “boys” may not be the right word to describe them. “Men” is perhaps more appropriate, considering the oldest of the quintet is 31, and even the youngest looks more mature than his doll-faced peers. Sporting facial hair and tracksuits in the opening episode of Youth With You 3, the third season of iQiyi’s hit reality show, the Produce Pandas seem more like misplaced staff members than competitors at first glance.

Dubbed China’s “XXL boyband,” the singing and dancing group certainly doesn’t fit the usual mold of male celebrities. Yet, with the prevalence of China’s “Little Fresh Meat” aesthetic over the years — thin, dainty boys decked out in extravagant outfits — many of the show’s viewers found them to be a breath of fresh air. Others, however, complained that they were lowering the standard for idols with their heavier, scruffier appearances.

Produce Pandas, who call themselves China’s first plus-size boyband, gained global attention after their participation on Youth With You 3. Photo: Screenshot, iQiyi

Since 2018, survival shows like Youth With You 3 have become incubators for the country’s next KOLs, helping multi-hyphenated talents amass large followings and gain the attention of global brands. At the same time, fashion and luxury names have also been eager to collaborate with these youths, as their dedicated fans are often willing to shell out millions to show them their support.

So, with idols playing a starring role in brand marketing strategies, what does it mean when mainstream programs like Youth With You 3 and Tencent’s Chuang 2021 start showcasing contestants that go against beauty conventions? Here, Jing Daily examines whether China’s idol scene is becoming more diverse and what opportunities a change could offer luxury brands.

Female idols blaze the trail for diverse beauty

While subverting beauty standards has been a growing trend in China, it is mostly reaching women, observed Laurence Lim Dally, the founder of Cherry Blossom Intercultural Branding. From Li Yuchun, a tomboyish pop star who won the singing contest Super Girl in 2005, to the “handsome youths” of Fanxy Red, more female idols are steering clear of the cookie-cutter, “cutesy girl group” image and carving out space for aesthetic diversity.

This trend was amplified last year when two members of Fanxy Red, along with the androgynous singer Liu Yuxin, competed in Youth With You 2. With their shorts, swagger, and perfectly coiffed hair, the popular trio helped bring the show’s theme of “not defining a girl group” (“不定义女团”) to the forefront and sparked conversations about challenging stereotypes.

Key takeaways:
  • Female idols that subvert gender norms and beauty standards are often seen as role models by consumers. By collaborating with these influencers, brands can bolster their storytelling efforts and tap into China’s female empowerment trend.
  • Little Fresh Meat idols are now over-represented by brands since their fan base, which is mostly comprised of Gen Zers and young Millennials, overlaps with luxury’s audience. Although no longer a “fresh” concept, fans still buy into it.
  • China-based foreign KOLs can offer global appeal and help drive Chinese culture consumption abroad, but current political tensions make it risky for brands to collaborate with them.

As Liu Yuxin, the season’s contestant to receive the most votes, said in a Harper’s Bazaar video, “They say girls should not be too handsome. I say mistaking a girl’s coolness for being handsome is too shallow.”

According to Dally, androgynous women express their individuality in a context of historically standardized beauty codes and censorship. As such, these gender-neutral stars are seen as role models who help brands not only spice up their image but also resonate with luxury’s largest driving force.

“With these idols, brands can make ‘being a trailblazer’ and ‘breaking the standards’ a part of their storytelling,” explained Allison Malmsten, a market analyst at Daxue Consulting. “Many brands aim to target empowered young Chinese women not only for their consumption power but for their market influence.” Brands like Dior, G-SHOCK, and Sofy have already taken note, tapping Liu Yuxin to front their campaigns touting individuality and girl power.

Liu Yuxin (14 million followers on Weibo) fronts the girl power-themed campaigns for G-SHOCK (left) and Sofy (right). Photo: Weibo

“Little Fresh Meat” still takes the cake

In contrast, when it comes to representing masculinity among idols, China’s effeminate Little Fresh Meat look still dominates. But this is no surprise since the term itself is such a money-maker. “[Little Fresh Meat] is a title people [marketers, media, brands] know will attracts fans and consumers. So it gets used on a wide range of male idols who are young and good-looking,” said Yishu Wang, a director at the marketing agency Half A World, to Jing Daily.

Luxury brands have also jumped on this craze. Last month, Tiffany & Co. promoted the TFBoys’ Jackson Yee from regional ambassador to its global face. Meanwhile, Prada and Givenchy have joined hands with iQiyi darlings Cai Xukun and Fan Chengcheng, respectively. As to why luxury continues to tap these idols, Wang explained, saying, “The majority of the fans of Little Fresh Meat idols are Gen Zers and young Millennials, who are also the target consumers for luxury brands in China.”

But as Little Fresh Meat becomes the norm, ironically, what is common has become the exception. Over the last few months, the Produce Pandas have made global headlines for their humble looks and down-to-earth personalities, hoping to show the world “ordinary people can achieve ordinary dreams on stage.” Although — spoiler — the members were eventually voted off the show, it is interesting to note that their fans are largely based overseas or in the gay community (a reminder that unconventional KOLs can be used to target niche demographics).

Despite their super fans, foreign idols are a gamble

While Little Fresh Meat idols reign supreme, one thing has started to change: their passports. Although few global talents have competed, much less debuted, on Chinese programs, Tencent’s Chuang 2021 chugged ahead with its ambitions to form an “international boyband” — even comically roping in one unwilling Russian translator to fill its quota for foreign participants. These efforts culminated in the launch of the group INTO1, with seven of the 11 members being non-Chinese citizens from the US, Japan, and Thailand.

Two Chinese and two Japanese contestants perform together on Chuang 2021. Photo: Courtesy of Tencent Video

And so far, this soft power push is paying off. Compared to Chuang 2020, this season saw a significant interest spike abroad, with the term “Chuang 2021” becoming most-searched in Thailand and Singapore, followed by Russia, Western Europe, and North America, Malmsten said. In fact, the final episode alone garnered 4.77 billion views while fan donations for the season exceeded $22 million, emphasizing the cross-cultural appeal of these fresh faces.

Of course, current political tensions can make teaming up with foreign idols tricky. “Not only is there a risk that the idol themselves could do something wrong, but there is also an issue of the agency they are tied to,” Malmsten added. In March, several popular Japanese contestants on Chuang 2021 were embroiled in controversy when the Chinese Communist Youth League revealed on Weibo that their representative agency, RBW, had listed Taiwan as a separate country on its site.

And recently, just days ahead of what was supposed to be Youth With You 3’s finale, Chinese frontrunner Tony Yu was forced to withdraw after a clip of him claiming to be Canadian on another variety show resurfaced, stirring online debate over his nationality. The message to brands here is clear: Tread carefully, as netizens will be the first to call them out if they cross the line.

Sameness prevails for now

It’s hard to say that China’s idol aesthetic has changed drastically. Ultimately, those voted to win these survival shows still tend to fit within China’s narrow definition of beauty. Moreover, due to diverging ideas of inclusion, the racial, LGBTQ+, and body diversity that Western consumers have increasingly come to expect from brands are not necessarily what local counterparts want to see.

Nonetheless, the tide is slowly turning. Older female idols are making waves. Brands like Neiwai are proudly promoting “normal” bodies. Netizens are shutting down skinny fads. And idol hopefuls who are curvy, androgynous, bald, or even non-Chinese have embraced their individuality and entered the ring. So, while Little Fresh Meat isn’t going anywhere, perhaps brands should be — expanding their lineup of idols to stand out and steer meaningful conversations rather than risk going stale.


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