The lager brand is using the shirt sponsorship to capitalise on the interest of football fans in China. The move also ties in with the brewer's role as partner of the Danish Pavilion at the World Expo 2010 event in Shanghai.
The event in Shanghai takes place on the same day as the match between Liverpool and Chelsea.
The beer's longstanding sponsorship of Liverpool Football Club concludes at the end of the current season and will be replaced by Standard Chartered Bank.
The game is expected to attract over 750 million viewers around the world and Chinese messages will be displayed during the match on the LED perimeter advertising hoardings around the pitch at Anfield.
The messages will read 'Carlsberg is partner of Danish Pavilion in World Expo - Carlsberg & Liverpool Cheer for World Expo'.
Carlsberg took over the sponsorship of Liverpool in 1992. Liverpool's first sponsor was Hitachi, followed by Crown Paints and Candy.
Keld Strudahl, group sponsorship director at Carlsberg, said: "We're delighted to have been able to bring about this momentous occasion. We believe it's a nice little gesture to our friends and fans of Liverpool in China where we know Liverpool FC devoted huge support in working things out and we also worked hard with all parties to mark this special occasion for the World Expo."