As the US government ups cybersecurity defences against hacking and digital crimes, the Chinese budget shopping app Pinduoduo halted on Play Store for malware issues.
YEAR IN REVIEW: Our annual look at the brand disasters and slip-ups that dominated headlines this year.
Four of the five brands that doubled their values in the new Global Top 100 hail from the mainland, and China now has 18 homegrown brands in the ranking.
The ecommerce platform has been known for its pressurising work practices, and is facing backlash after the death of an overworked staff member.
Brand experience, pricing control and access to personal data are some of the issues on the line as the carmaker refuses to honour a discount the Chinese ecommerce platform offered unilaterally.
TOP OF THE CHARTS: Despite a shrinking retail market overall, China will supersede the US retail market in 2020 as the world's largest, with ecommerce up 16%, says eMarketer.
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