A 23% year-on-year rise in ad revenues to $791 million during the last quarter of 2018 helped Twitter record its first full year of profitability.
It has taken 12 years for the social network to reach the milestone and the achievement appears to owe a good deal to the rise of online video advertising since Twitter went public in 2013.
Twitter's maiden profit (net income) totalled $360 million, equating to a roughly 12% margin on its 2018 revenues of $3.04 billion, of which the majority came from ad sales and the rump from data licensing.
Annual ad revenues climbed 24% to $2.62 billion, with video not only accounting for more than half of that total but also continuing to be the fastest-growing type of advertising.
Revenue growth has been outpacing user growth for some time, but the trend shows no sign of abating, as chief financial officer Ned Segal told analysts on an earnings call today.
Monthly active users fell slightly for the second quarter in a row to 321 million, but Twitter vaunted growth of 9% in daily active users year on year to 126 million.
It also aimed a dig at rivals’ metrics, emphasising that it only counted monetisable usage—that of logged-in users—in its daily active user figure (at least since 2016), whereas "many other companies share a more expansive metric that includes people who are not seeing ads". For good measure, Twitter has renamed daily active users as "monetisable daily active users" and will stop disclosing monthly active users after the first quarter of this year.
The move "stands in solid opposition with Facebook’s recent announcement that it will be merging its metrics across its family of apps, including WhatsApp and Instagram, and no longer reporting on individual Facebook user figures", Josh Krichefski, chief executive of MediaCom, said.
Offering some detail on the economics of advertising on its platform, Twitter said: "Total ad engagements increased 33%, resulting primarily from increased demand and improved CTR [click-through rates], which grew on a year-over-year basis across the majority of ad types, as our ad prediction models and video ad product performance continues to improve.
"CPE [cost per engagement] decreased 7%, primarily driven by higher CTR from improved relevance and an ongoing shift to video ads, which carry higher click-through rates and lower CPE."
The stock market, however, took a dim view of the update, with Twitter's share price falling more than 10% after the announcement.
One area of concern for analysts on the call was chief executive Jack Dorsey’s plan to increase operating expenditure by 20% this year, after a 16% increase in headcount in 2018 to 3,900 staff.
Segal and Dorsey also indicated that they planned to hire more ad salespeople in the US and interational operations and continue to feel there is a way to go before demand from advertisers matches supply of ad inventory.
Dorsey’s latest strategy includes focusing on better tackling abuse and bad actors on the platform, and re-engineering the product to help new users find accounts to follow in their areas of interest and help advertisers better target people by interest.
Krichefski said: "What the results ultimately show is that 2019 is set to be a crucial year for Twitter, and if it can deliver the innovation, safety and value that it has promised both users and advertisers, we can almost certainly expect to see more positive results from the company."